When it comes to war crimes and genocides, the number one name that pops in the minds of most people is often Adolf Hitler. This is for the homicide of the Jews. In reality, his name is actually not at the top of the list for the most horrid communist mass killings in history. Many power-hungry rulers have killed millions of innocent people to satisfy their greed for land and power. The one ruler who is responsible for the greatest number of ruthless assassinations is Mao Zedong.
In this article, I will tell you about some crazy powerful people that range from ruthless to ferocious that were responsible for the top Communist mass killings and their effects on the world until today.
- Benito Mussolini
Mussolini, leader of the National Fascist Party of Italy ruled the country from 1925 to 1945. His goal was to gain Italian supremacy over the world. He wanted to establish totalitarian control over the nation and its economy. Mussolini joined hands with Hitler during the World War II and captured 10 countries. He wanted to recreate Italy as the Roman empire until 1945, when he had to surrender to the Allied powers. He had massacred 400,000 people during the World War II.
- Idi Amin
Idi Amin, also known as the ‘butcher of Uganda,’ was the president of the country from 1971 to 1979. He was kept in the governance by the former president of Uganda, Obote, and it was one of the biggest mistakes of the latter’s life as Idi proved to be a snake being fed milk. Amin was caught misusing the army budget by Obote. To avenge this, Amin revolted against Obote and overthrew him. He came to power and then tortured the Acholi and Lango tribes. He also expelled 50,000 people of the Asian race and killed 500,000 people during this rule.
- Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union, present-day Russia, was ruled by Joseph Stalin from 1927 to 1953. He brought the Stalinist rule that is one of the most ruthless dictatorships in history. He wanted to put an end to agricultural practices and promote industrialization. To achieve that, he killed farmers who tried to defy the order. He initiated a movement in the 1930s called ‘The Great Purge’, that allowed him to kill anyone whom he felt was a political threat to him. In spite of signing a non-aggression pact with Hitler, a war broke out between the two countries causing the death of 2 million people. His last battle was fought against Korea in 1950.
- Young Turks
The Young Turks revolution was a movement led by the unionists and the liberal parties in 1908, against the monarchist Sultan Abdul Hamid II. This revolution proposed the idea of constitutional government opposed to the monarchy rule of Hamid II. They started ethnic cleansing, and as a result, ended up killing 1.5 million Armenians, 0.3 million Assyrians and 0.75 million Greeks from Turkey. They wanted to preserve Turkey from other races.
The master-mind behind the Sino-Japanese war, Hirohito and the leader of the Showa Era, knew no limits or boundaries when it came to war. He alone is responsible for the mass massacre of 10 million people during World War II. He desired to conquer China and this started the Sino-Japanese war. The U.S. tried to help China when Japan attacked, and this led to Pearl Harbor bombing and then Hiroshima-Nagasaki nuclear war. The Japanese till date pay the price of attacking China because of the nuclear bombings.
- King Leopold II
King Leopold II was a despotic monarch who had some brutal ideologies on humans. He wanted the world to be a Belgian superpower. He started from Britain but failed. So, he took advantage of the free state of Congo and enslaved, murdered, mutilated 13 million Africans to win over Congo. He has committed one of the most brutal war crimes in history. Yet, he is celebrated even today in Belgian.
- Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler ordered the direct mass murder of 13.6 million Jews. This deadly event is known as the holocaust and is one of the worst crimes to be committed by this Nazi ruler. Adolf strictly believed in ethnicity and racial superiority. He desired German supremacy over the world. As soon as he was appointed as the chancellor of Germany in 1933, he started with his strategies to enslave humans and mass murdering. He wanted Jews to be removed from the world completely. He spoke about racial injustice and created hatred amongst people of different color, caste and creed. When the second world war broke out in 1939, he managed to capture most of Europe. He had killed 13.6 million people during this war that ended in 1945.
- Chiang Kai-Shek
Chiang Kai-Shek was a military leader of the Chinese nationalist party called KMT – Kuomintang, who ruled the country from 1928 to 1949. He led a civil war against the communist leader Mao Zedong due to the difference of opinions. The civil war between the KMT and the Communist ruler Mao Zedong led to the massacre of 18.5 million people. It is said that his ego had led to this mass assassination. Kai-Shek was unable to keep China at pace with the world and concentrated more on fighting with the internal parties. But, when Japan conquered China, Kai-Shek could not manage to protect the country on the military front.
- Genghis Khan
Genghis Khan is known as the greatest leader of Mongol. He united several nomadic tribes in 1206 and united them into one Mongol tribe. He wanted his tribe to be known as the world power. After Mongol, he wanted to capture China. During his rule, he managed to reshape the geography of Earth by capturing Eurasia, China, Korea, Southeast Asia, Persia, India, the Middle East and Eastern Europe and brought all these countries under his power. His legacy continued for 200 years. He had brutally killed 40 million people during his Mongolian period.
- Mao Zedong
Mao Zedong is the most ruthless Chinese communist leader responsible for the direct murder of 70 million people. He ruled People’s Republic of China from 1949 till 1976. Mao was a true Communist and wanted to restore communism in China. He enforced his ideology and initiated many unjust policies like the Great Leap Forward, Race Extermination and Cultural Revolution. Slave labor was practiced all over the country.
These were some of the deadliest massacres in history done by power greedy rulers mainly in China, Russia, Africa and Japan. These rulers definitely had no conscious or love for humanity.